PERSIAN BABY NAMES WITH MEANING - NAMES WITH MEANING
Persian Baby Names With Meaning - Names For Babies And Their Meanings - Playpens For Baby
Persian Baby Names With Meaning
- The most popular given names vary nationally, regionally, and culturally. Lists of widely used given names can consist of those most often bestowed upon infants born within the last year, thus reflecting the current naming trends, or else be composed of the personal names occurring most within
- Iranian: of or relating to Iran or its people or language or culture; "Iranian mountains"; "Iranian security police"
- the language of Persia (Iran) in any of its ancient forms
- Of or relating to ancient Persia or modern Iran or its people or language
- Irani: a native or inhabitant of Iran; "the majority of Irani are Persian Shiite Muslims"
- Intended to communicate something that is not directly expressed
- the message that is intended or expressed or signified; "what is the meaning of this sentence"; "the significance of a red traffic light"; "the signification of Chinese characters"; "the import of his announcement was ambiguous"
- (means) how a result is obtained or an end is achieved; "a means of control"; "an example is the best agency of instruction"; "the true way to success"
The Dictionary of Muslim Names
In a well-known hadith, Muhammed advises Muslims that, "On the Day of Resurrection, you will be called by your names and the names of your fathers; so keep beautiful names." Inspired by the teachings of Islam, names fulfill the cherished ambitions of a true Muslim. In The Dictionary of Muslim Names, Salahuddin Ahmed provides a helpful and substantive guide to common and less-common Muslim names. This lively and informative dictionary lists the original Arabic, Persian, or Turkish spelling, as well as a precise English transliteration. The names' meaning and bearing on Islamic heritage or world history are referenced, along with historical figures who bore the name-an Imaam, a Sultan, a saint-and accompanying illustrations.
Hangman - History of Crime and Punishment
Photograph above The Hangman's Kit
The History & Methods of capital punishment include
Tudor punishments were very harsh. Hanging, burning to death, torture, whipping, being chained to stocks where people could pelt you with rubbish, dunking in a river or branding with a hot iron, these and other gruesome methods were accepted practice and according to many textbooks were commonly used.
Crime and Method of Punishment - Transportation
Transportation had been used since the beginning of the eighteenth century to rid the English of their prisoners. Usually, convicts were taken to the British colony of America, but the American War of Independence (1775–1783) changed all that forever. The Americans no longer wanted to be a part of the British Empire, and were willing to fight for the right to govern themselves.
America won the war, and its new government told Britain not to send any more white convicts. The Americans preferred to use black African slaves to do the work. England had to do something soon about the overcrowded jails. A short-term solution was found. There were some old, disused ships known as hulks moored in the Thames River that flows through London, and at sea-ports on the south coast of England. It was decided that these would become floating jails. Convicts would eat and sleep on the hulks, and be taken to work on the land every day.
While the hulks steadily filled with prisoners, the government tried to decide which of Britain’s colonies could support a penal settlement, which is an isolatedcommunity of convicts set up especially for the purpose of punishment.
The west coast of Africa was a possibility. So was Australia: the great southernland that no one knew very much about. West Africa was the favourite option.
Because it was closer to England it would be cheaper to transport people there. The site was explored, but it was found to be unsuitable. By 1785, living conditions on board the hulks were getting worse. Almost a thousand more convicts were being added to the floating jails each year. In 1786 there was a rebellion on one prison hulk — eight convicts were shot dead and 46 wounded. Lord Sydney, the Home Office Secretary, made the final decision. A penal colony would be established at Botany Bay.
Crime and Method of Punishment - Whipping
Offenders (mostly those convicted of petty larceny were sentenced to be stripped to the waist and flogged 'at a cart's tail' along a length of public street, usually near the scene of the crime, 'until his (or her) back be bloody'.
Publicity was traditionally an essential feature of this punishment, but occasionally even in the late seventeenth century the courts ordered that the punishment should be carried out in prison or a house of correction rather than on the streets.
From the 1720s courts began explicitly to differentiate between private whipping, which took place inside or immediately outside Newgate Prison, a house of correction, which was carried out in the traditional way. (after having been in decline since the 1770s) Whipping in public of men ended in the 1830s.
Crime and Method of Punishment - Buried at the crossroads
Not so long ago, the gallows where condemned men were soon to die were built at the crossroads. Suicides and victims of murder were buried at the crossroads as well. This was done so their restless souls wouldn't wander around seeking revenge upon those who harmed them in like.
Some believed it was the power of the Christian cross, as symbolized by the crossroads, which protected the living from vengeful acts of the murderous dead. But legends of the crossroads are much older than the Christian cross, so who's to say.
Crime and Method of Punishment - Hanging
Most defendants sentenced to death were to be hanged outside the old city walls. Execution was a public spectacle, meant to act as a deterrent to crime: convicts were drawn in a cart through the streets from Newgate, and, after they were given a chance to speak to the crowd (and, it was hoped, confess their sins), they were hanged, surrounded by huge crowds.
The convict was placed in a horse drawn cart, blindfolded, had the noose placed around his/her neck, and then the cart pulled away. Until the introduction of a sharp drop in 1783, this caused a long and painful death by strangulation (friends of the convict often helped put them out of their misery by pulling on their legs).
After the execution there were sometimes struggles for possession of the corpse between assistants to the surgeons, who wanted it for teaching anatomy, and friends of the convict, who wanted to give it a proper burial.
As a form of judicial execution, hanging in England is thought to date from the Saxon period, c. 400 AD, although it had earlier been used in the Persian Empire. British hangmen are recorded from Thomas de Warblynton in the 1360s, with complete records from the 1500s to the last hangmen, Robert Stewart and Harry All
Uma Linda Quinta-Feira aos meus Queridos Amigos...***...A Wonderful Thursday for my Dear Friends
Dia 06 de Janeiro Homenageamos os Reis Magos.
Os Tres Reis Magos, ou simplesmente Reis Magos, na tradicao crista, sao personagens que teriam visitado Jesus logo apos o seu nascimento, trazendo-lhe presentes. Foram mencionados apenas no Evangelho segundo Mateus, onde se afirma que teriam vindo "do leste" para venerar o Cristo, "nascido Rei dos Judeus". Como tres presentes foram registrados, diz-se tradicionalmente que tenham sido tres, embora Mateus nao tenha especificado seu numero. Sao figuras constantes em relatos do natividade e nas comemoracoes do Natal.
Belchior (tambem Melchior ou Melquior), Baltasar e Gaspar, nao seriam reis nem necessariamente tres mas sim, talvez, sacerdotes da religiao zoroastrica da Persia ou conselheiros. Como nao diz quantos eram, diz-se tres pela quantia dos presentes oferecidos.
Talvez fossem astrologos ou astronomos, pois, segundo consta, viram uma estrela e foram, por isso, ate a regiao onde nascera Jesus, dito o Cristo. Assim os magos sabendo que se tratava do nascimento de um rei, foram ao palacio do cruel rei Herodes em Jerusalem na Judeia. Perguntaram eles ao rei sobre a crianca. Este disse nada saber. Herodes alarmou-se e sentiu-se ameacado, e pediu aos magos que, se o encontrassem, falassem a ele, pois iria adora-lo tambem, embora suas intencoes fossem a de mata-lo. Ate que os magos chegassem ao local onde estava o menino, ja havia se passado algum tempo, por causa da distancia percorridas, assim a tradicao atribuiu a visitacao dos Magos o dia 6 de janeiro.
A estrela, conta o evangelho, os precedia e parou por sobre onde estava o menino Jesus. "E vendo a estrela, alegraram-se eles com grande e intenso jubilo" (Mt 2, 10). "Os Magos ofereceram tres presentes ao menino Jesus: ouro, incenso e mirra, cujo significado e simbolismo espiritual e, juntamente com a propria visitacao dos magos, ser um resumo do evangelho e da fe crista, embora existam outras especulacoes respeito do significado das dadivas dadas por eles. O ouro pode representa a realeza (alem providencia divina para sua futura fuga ao Egito, quando Herodes mandaria matar todos os meninos ate dois anos de idade de Belem). O incenso pode representar a fe, pois o incenso e usado nos templos para simbolizar a oracao que chega a Deus assim como a fumaca sobe ao ceu (Salmos 141:2). A mirra, resina antiseptica usada em embalsamamentos desde o Egito antigo, nos remete ao genero da morte de Jesus, o martirio, sendo que um composto de mirra e aloes foi usado no embalsamamento de Jesus (Joao 19: 39 e 40), sendo que estudos no Sudario de Turim encontraram estes produtos.
"Entrando na casa, viram o menino (Jesus), com Maria sua mae. Prostando-se, o adoraram; e abrindo os seus tesouros, entregaram-lhe suas ofertas: ouro, incenso e mirra." (Mt 2, 11).
"Sendo por divina advertencia prevenidos em sonho a nao voltarem a presenca de Herodes, regressaram por outro caminho a sua terra" (Mt 2, 12). Nada mais a Escritura diz sobre essa historia cheia de poesia, nao havendo tambem quaisquer outros documentos historicos sobre eles.
Devemos aos Magos a tradicao de trocar presentes no Natal. Dos seus presentes dos Magos surgiu essa tradicao em celebracao do nascimento de Jesus. Em diversos paises a principal troca de presentes e feita nao no Natal, mas no dia 6 de janeiro, e os pais muitas vezes se fantasiam de reis magos.
A melhor descricao dos reis magos foi feita por Sao Beda, o Veneravel (673-735), que no seu tratado “Excerpta et Colletanea” assim relata: “Melquior era velho de setenta anos, de cabelos e barbas brancas, tendo partido de Ur, terra dos Caldeus. Gaspar era moco, de vinte anos, robusto e partira de uma distante regiao montanhosa, perto do Mar Caspio. E Baltasar era mouro, de barba cerrada e com quarenta anos, partira do Golfo Persico, na Arabia Feliz”.
Quanto a seus nomes, Gaspar significa “Aquele que vai inspecionar”, Melquior quer dizer: “Meu Rei e Luz”, e Baltasar se traduz por “Deus manifesta o Rei”.
Como se pretendia dizer que representavam os reis de todo o mundo, representando as tres racas humanas existentes, em idades diferentes. Assim, Melquior entregou-Lhe ouro em reconhecimento da realeza; Gaspar, incenso em reconhecimento da divindade; e Baltasar, mirra em reconhecimento da humanidade.
A exegese ve na chegada dos reis magos o cumprimento a profecia contida no livro dos Salmos (Sl. 71, 11): “Os reis de toda a terra hao de adora-Lo”.
Aos meus Queridos Amigos uma Linda e Abencoada Quinta-Feira!
Beijos em seus coracoes com muito carinho!
January 06 We Homage the Magi.
Three Wise Men, or simply Magi, in the Christian tradition, are characters who have visited Jesus soon after his birth, bringing him gifts. Were mentioned only in Matthew's Gospel, which states that would have been "East" to worship the Christ, "born King of the Jews." Because three gifts were recorded, it is said that traditionally have been three, although Ma
persian baby names with meaning
Completely redesigned for today's generation of cooks and food enthusiasts, the 25th Anniversary Edition of Food of Life: Ancient Persian and Modern Iranian Cooking and Ceremonies by Najmieh Batmanglij provides a treasure trove of recipes, along with an immersive cultural experience for those seeking to understand this ancient and timeless cuisine. This edition is a more user-friendly edition of the award-winning and critically acclaimed cookbook series which began in 1986. Food of Life provides 330 classical and regional Iranian recipes as well as an introduction to Persian art, history, and culture. The book's hundreds of full color photographs are intertwined with descriptions of ancient and modern Persian ceremonies, poetry, folktales, travelogue excerpts and anecdotes. The 2011 Edition of Food of Life is a labor of love. The book began in exile after the Iranian Revolution of 1979 as a love letter to Batmanglij's children. Today, as accomplished adults in their own fields, her two sons, Zal and Rostam, encouraged her to redesign the book for their generation.
Food of Life propels Persian cooking into the 21st Century, even as it honors venerable traditions and centuries of artistic expression. It is the result of 30 years of collecting, testing and adapting authentic and traditional Persian recipes for the American kitchen. Most of its ingredients are readily available throughout the U.S. enabling anyone from a master chef to a novice to reproduce the refined tastes, textures, and beauty of Persian cuisine. Food-related pieces from such classics as the 10th century Book of Kings, and 1,001 Nights to the miniatures of Mir Mosavvar and Aq Mirak, from the poetry of Omar Khayyam and Sohrab Sepehri to the humor of Mulla Nasruddin are all included. Each recipe is presented with steps that are logical and easy to follow. Readers learn how to simply yet deliciously cook rice, the jewel of Persian cooking, which, when combined with a little meat, fowl, or fish, vegetables, fruits, and herbs, provides the perfect balanced diet.
ABOUT THE BOOK'S TITLE
Food of Life, the title of the book, comes from the Persian words nush-e jan, literally "food of life"--a traditional wish in Iran that a dish will be enjoyed. For the updated 1993 edition the title was changed to New Food of Life. Now, for the 25th anniversary edition the title returns to its original name, Food of Life.
The full-color Food of Life 25th Anniversary Edition contains 50% more pages than its 2009 predecessor and special added features:
*New Recipes adapted from Sixteenth-Century Persian cookbooks
*Added vegetarian section for most recipes
*Comprehensive dictionary of all ingredients
*A glance at a few thousand years of the history of Persian Cooking
*Master recipes with photos illustrating the steps.
*Color photos of most recipes with tips on presentation
*Updated section on Persian stores and Internet suppliers
*Fahrenheit and Centigrade temperatures for all recipes
*Choices for cooking recipes such as kuku in oven or on stovetop.
*Encourages use of seasonal and local ingredients from farmers markets, Community Supported Agriculture (CSAs) sources or one's own backyard
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